WHO Data Quality Report Card (DQRC) and Data Quality Assessment (DQA) Tools

Author:World Health Organization
Description:WHO's Data Quality Report Card (DQRC) examines the quality of data generated by a health facility-based information system for four core tracer indicators: antenatal care first visit, health facility deliveries, diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus third dose, and outpatient department visits. The tool quantifies problems of data completeness, accuracy, and external consistency, and provides valuable information on fit-for-purpose of health facility data to support planning and annual monitoring. The desk review component of the DQRC can be done using the WHO Data Quality Assessment (DQA) Tool, an Excel-based tool that compares health facility records against health information system reported data. There are two levels of assessment for the indicators in the DQRC: 1) an assessment of each indicator at the national level; and 2) performance of subnational units (mostly districts, provinces, or regions) on the selected indicator.
      Assessment Purpose
    • Routine monitoring
    • Ad hoc or targeted assessment
      Health System Level
    • Data source-specific
      Assessment Areas
    • Data quality
      Primary Data Collection Method
    • Quantitative
      Other Criteria
    • Excel-based tool
    • Rapid assessment (can be completed in 1-2 days)
    • Specific to immunization programs
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